The Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) is collaborating with the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA), Ghana, in the implementation process of the National Anti-Corruption Action Plan (NACAP).
The IIA, which defines internal auditing as an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve on organisation?s operations, essentially offers a systematic and disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance process consistent to an organisation.
In this collaboration, the IIA would ensure that Internal Audit Agencies adequately evaluate the system of internal controls and recommend improvement, assess compliance with policies and procedures and sound business practices, assess compliance with state laws and contractual obligations, review operations and programmes to ascertain whether results are consistent with established objectives and whether operations and programmes are being carried out as planned, as well as detect and investigate occurrences of fraud, embezzlement, theft, waste, among others.
Although the primary responsibility of internal audit is not to investigate fraud, the IIA?s training for its members in risk evaluation places internal auditors at the very heart of the NACAP implementation, especially the Public Sector Integrity Programme. The programme approaches the fight against corruption through helping public officers not to corrupt themselves, making it difficult for public officers to be corrupt as well as deterring public officers from engaging in corrupt practices.
Delivering a paper on the topic; ?The National Anti-Corruption Action Plan: The Role of Public and Private Sector Institutions,? at a meeting with members of the Institute, the acting Commissioner of CHRAJ, Mr Richard Quayson, indicated that corruption remains a major challenge for all societies despite the many efforts to minimise or curtail it.
For him, no society has been successful in fighting corruption using deterrence (investigations and sanctions) alone, and that successful nations have often adopted the three-pronged approach, which are education or capacity building, prevention and deterrence.
Mr Quayson made reference to Article 35 (8) of the 1992 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana on the Directive Principles of State Policy which states that the State shall take all necessary steps to eradicate corrupt practices and the abuse of power. He said it is this light that NACAP has been developed pursuant to Article 35 (8) to achieve the above purpose.
The acting Commissioner was emphatic that NACAP is Ghana?s strategic response and national blueprint for fighting corruption in Ghana over a 10-year period, and also adopts a transformational and Human Rights Based Approach to fighting corruption.
Mr Quayson welcomed the collaboration in the hope that it would go a long way to complement the efforts of other stakeholders to fight corruption in Ghana.